What Are Bunions
Well foot calluses are easily treated. The simple solution is to remove the pressure causing the calluses in the first place. Once the pressure has been removed the callus should subside, so long as it is treated with care. Understandably, if pressure has been caused in that area it is most likely due to actions the host is taking that is causing such pressure. A comfortable pair of shoes might be in order and rest from staying on your feet for long periods is advised. If poor fitting shoes are causing the corn, changing to shoes that fit better will get rid of the problem most of the time.
This is actually an accumulation of dead skin cells which become toughened and thick as a result of continuous irritation, friction or pressure. These are formed when the skin tries to protect an underlying area from excessive pressure, rubbing or injury. Yellowish or pale in color, these feel a bit lumpy at the beginning but gradually turn less insensitive to touch. There are some particular calluses which develop deep seated core or nucleation. This condition is called Intractable Plantar Keratosis which can turn out to be extremely painful to pressure. Consult a professional pedicure specialist in your area and ask about the services offered and their effectiveness for corns. 2
The big toe angles inward, toward the second toe. “Bunion” comes from the Latin word “bunio,” which means “enlargement.” The base of the big toe gets larger and begins to extend outward, and the toe itself moves inward, sometimes even beneath the second toe. A bunion can affect the type of shoe you wear. The larger the bunion, the more painful it may be to walk. Arthritis may eventually develop in the joint. A bunion can also occur at the base of the little toe; this type of bunion is called a bunionette or tailor’s bunion.
Usually, preventing friction is the only treatment needed. If a corn is the result of a poor-fitting shoe, changing to shoes that fit properly will usually eliminate the corn within a couple of weeks. Until then, protect the skin with donut-shaped corn pads, available in pharmacies. If desired, use a pumice stone to gently wear down the corn. DIABETICS SHOULD NOT CUT THEIR OWN CORNS OR CALLOUSES NOR SHOULD THEY USE MEDICATED CORN PAD REMOVERS AS THESE CAN CAUSE INFECTIONS AND POTENTIAL FOR AMPUTATIONS. Flat warts are generally found on the face and forehead. They are common in children, less so in teens, and rare in adults.
Once you know that you have diabetes be sure to visit your doctor and have your feet examined at every visit. Diabetes are susceptible to foot ulcers because sometimes they will have loss of blood flow to the lower legs and feet and this makes you more likely to have foot ulcers. You will have to be tenacious about your feet if you have diabetes. read more Charcot neuroarthropathy is a common cause of morbidity in persons with diabetes mellitus and sensory neuropathy. Although Charcot neuroarthropathy is a clinical diagnosis, recent advances in diagnostic imaging have eased the clinical challenge of deciphering infection from Charcot changes. read more
The only way to permanently remove a callous is to remove the cause. Hence, unless you are totally sedentary and bedridden, you are likely to have one or more callous on your feet. Calluses do unfortunately sometimes return and return no matter how often you scrape them off. In truth they provide a profitable line of repeat business for pedicurists! One practical tip is to use a foot file with medium grit sand paper on one side and fine grit on the other, to file down the dead skin on heels and balls of the feet. ((you could substitute a pumice stone for the foot file if preferred)
It is best to treat the condition as soon as it is noticed. In early cases, over the counter medications may be sufficient. It is also important to treat any concomitant athlete’s foot that may be present. In more advanced cases, a prescription medication may be needed. There are effective topical and oral medications available for the treatment of fungal toenails. If sweating feet are a problem, changing shoes and socks during the day is recommended. There are some topical medications available that help to reduce the sweating of the feet. On occasion, your doctor may recommend removing the toenail.
Corns are thick lumps that form on the outer layer of the skin. Most often, corns appear on the tops and side of toes. At first, these lumps are small, but they can become very large and very painful. The more pressure that is put upon the corn, the more tender and painful it will become. Many people are tempted to try and rub or cut calluses away from the foot. This is a big no-no and can cause further damage or infection. The best way to treat this problem is by eliminating the cause. You can also try gently exfoliating the calluses with a high-concentration beta-hydroxy acid product.